8 dusts

This dust is to begrudge giving one’s services in mind or body, to begrudge lending things to others, to begrudge paying an imposed charge, to begrudge the effort to help others–all these ways of begrudging money or effort are dust.

This dust is to desire more and more without appreciating that one is already given sufficient, to desire what others have, and to seek rewards without doing the necessary work.

This is a mind state that hates others because of sheer selfishness. This dust indicates, for instance, disliking others just because one doesn’t like them and despising others because some discourtesy or mistake on their part has injured one’s pride.

This refers to partiality and to caring only about oneself, forgetting about others. It is a self-centered mind that shows kindness only to certain people and thinks only about oneself, one’s own children, one’s own family, etc.

This dust is to bear a grudge against others, thinking that they have gotten in the way or that they have been unkind; to bear a grudge against others without reflecting on one’s own lack of effort; and to envy others their happiness.

This means to get angry just because someone has said something one doesn’t like or to get angry even over tiny things because one is in a bad mood. This dust indicates short-temperedness, in which there is neither tolerance nor forgiveness.

This refers to a self-centered use of mind that wants to have everything. It is a use of mind that desires more and more although one has sufficient already. This use of mind, for instance, wants to take as much as possible, even by cheating others, and wants to make profits beyond what would be considered fair.

This indicates the use of mind where one pretends to know something one doesn’t know, flatters oneself that one is superior to others, never listens to others’ opinions though willing to do anything to push one’s own opinions through, and finds fault with others.

In addition to these eight kinds of dust, we are encouraged to watch for “falsehood and flattery.”

These words are borrowed, your mind is your own